(ODD)yssey, Blog Post

Quaint town of S. Pittsburg, TN, was site of deadly 1927 Christmas shootout

South Pittsburg, Tennessee, is a quaint little town of fewer than 3,000 residents that sits just across the border from Bridgeport, Alabama. It has a picturesque downtown, the site of the annual National Cornbread Festival, which is held each year on the last weekend in April.

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Downtown South Pittsburg, Tennessee. (Source: South Pittsburgh Historical Society)

On a visit to the small town a couple of years ago, Sweetums and I noticed a new historical marker commemorating a famous massacre I’d previously come across in my research. It was a horrific incident in which six law officers were killed on Christmas night in 1927.

Not long after attendees left the Christmas night service at Cumberland Presbyterian Church, sounds of gunfire shattered the silence of downtown South Pittsburg, which then had a population of about 2,100 people.

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A headline about the shootout in a New York newspaper.

Law officers and guards for a local company faced off in a gun battle, with lawmen on both sides shooting at one another. When the shootout was over, six law officers – including the sheriff and police chief – lay dead in the streets. It was the most violent incident in the city’s history.

On January 5, 1928, a newspaper in Plattsburgh, New York, reported the story under the headline “Six officers slain in gun battle here on Christmas night.”

It read, in part,

Scarcely had the echoes of the carol rendered Christmas night in the sacred cantata at the Cumberland Presbyterian church in this city faded into the foothills of the Cumberland, when a volley of gun shots rang out upon the down-town streets that took a toll of six lives and wounded several, among whom were numbered some of Marion county’s best citizens.

No investigation has been made of the horrible tragedy which took place on Cedar avenue between the Hotel Robert E. Lee and Williamson’s Pharmacy between the hours of 9 and 10 o’clock and the consensus of opinion is that those slain were the chief characters of the gun battle.

Among the slain were Sheriff Coppinger and Deputy L. A. Hennessey; Chief of Police James Conner, who was also a deputy under Coppinger; Special Policemen Ewing Smith, Ben Parker and O. H. Larowe. Those receiving slight wounds were John Holden, Lafayette Nelson and Charles Tidman.

Today, a marker at the corner of Cedar Avenue and Third Street, where the shootout occurred, explains the reason for the violence.

The front side reads:

In January 1927, H Wetter Manufacturing Company, South Pittsburgh’s largest employer, closed its stove factory. When Wetter tried to re-open with non-union labor, the unions established picket lines. The strike hurt the local economy. High tension between four local unions and Wetter not only drove a wedge between employer and employees but divided residents, politicians and law enforcement officials. Growing resentment, coupled with political rivalries from the last sheriff’s race, soon led to officer battling officer.

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(Source: South Pittsburg Historical Preservation Society)

The back side reads:

The gunfight on Christmas night of 1927 at Third Street and Cedar Avenue left six officers dead and several injured. Dead were Sheriff G. Washington Coppinger, Deputy Lorenza Hennessey, city marshals Benjamin Parker and Ewing Smith and Wetter guard Oran H LaRowe. Police chief James Connor died the next day. Gov. Henry H. Horton dispatched the National Guard to curtail addition violence.

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(Source: South Pittsburg Historical Preservation Society)

 Washington Coppinger,  nicknamed “Wash,” was replaced as sheriff by his son, Turner Coppinger. Members of the Coppinger family are buried in the nearby Bean-Raulston Cemetery.

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Sheriff Wash Coppinger’s grave in Bean-Ralston Cemetery in South Pittsburg, Tennessee, (Photo by Wil Elrick/Permission Required)
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Sheriff Wash Coppinger’s grave in Bean-Ralston Cemetery in South Pittsburg, Tennessee, (Photo by Wil Elrick/Permission Required)
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Sheriff Wash Coppinger’s grave in Bean-Ralston Cemetery in South Pittsburg, Tennessee, (Photo by Wil Elrick/Permission Required)
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The H Wetter stove plant in South Pittsburg in an undated photo. (Source: Tennessee State Library and Archives)
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South Pittsburg, Tennessee, City Hall (Source: Brian Stansberry/Wikimedia Commons)

8 thoughts on “Quaint town of S. Pittsburg, TN, was site of deadly 1927 Christmas shootout”

  1. Interesting. I had a couple of relatives involved in this. My grandfather Walter “Whitey” Love was one of the pollbearer’s at Washington Coppinger’s funeral. Another unnamed great uncle told me the story in 1968 how he climbed to the top of the hotel, where two gunmen hired by the company where located. The two had shot at reflections of people in a plate glass window nearby. This great uncle told me he said, “What are you two doing up here?” And it scared them so much, they jumped off the building. He just smiled. (He had been in the military in WWI.)


  2. My great grandfather was Rufus Nelson, one of the 4 main combatants that survived. Love having that prohibition era gunfighter blood.
    I visited South Pittsburg in 1989 IIRC, was just a kid. Passed by a time or two on the way to Florida, really need to make a special trip, show my kids the site.
    Wish I would have with living relatives.
    I was told he was hit with pistol rounds that couldn’t be removed. Died years later of an athsma. Apparently his son, my uncle Leonard was murdered in one of the 60’s Detroit race riots. Having a LEO father helped my grandpa out of a prison term for moonshining when he got arrested the night he turned 18, after numerous busts as a minor for same. He was allowed to enlist in the Navy in WW2 in lieu of Brushy Mountain.
    Never heard much detail about this man, just what happened and the fact people still don’t really discuss it. That Southern pride/class/decency thing. Seen as a black eye, even 100 years later.


  3. My father, Louis Willis LaRowe, was born February 9, 1927. His father, Oran H. LaRowe was a security guard at the Wetter plant and one of the six officers slain in the streets of South Pittsburg, Tennessee on December 25, 1927. To my knowledge, there were no arrests and there was never a trial. My dad never knew his dad and grew up in a small mountain town where no one would talk about what happened. On a visit to South Pittsburg with my father, an older lady he had known growing up offered a first-hand account of the scene of his mother, holding her baby and crying over the body of her young husband where he fell on Christmas night. It brought tears to his eyes. I think my dad would have been proud to see his dad’s name on the historical marker in the center of town. Unfortunately he passed away in 2005 before the marker was erected.


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